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### What is a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor? Relation to topological superconductors

I often read about s-wave and p-wave superconductors. In particular a $p_x + i p_y$ superconductor - often mentioned in combination with topological superconductors. I understand that the overall ...
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### Why is the Fermi surface stable?

As a condensed matter physicist, I take it for granted that a Fermi surface is stable. But it is stable with respect to what? For instance, Cooper pairing is known as an instability of the Fermi ...
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### What does “particle number conservation” mean in condensed matter physics?

What exactly does it imply about a condensed matter system to have particle number conserved or not conserved? For example, why does the superconducting phase break particle number conservation while ...
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### Superconductor symmetry breaking

When water freezes continuous translational symmetry is broken. When a metal becomes superconducting, what is the symmetry that gets broken?
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### Ginzburg criterion and superconductivity

The Ginzburg criterion tells us quantitatively when mean field theory is valid. If $\phi$ is the order parameter of the system, then mean field theory requires that the fluctuations in the order ...
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### Symmetry breaking and Superfluid - Mott Insulator transition

I know my question is similar to what mentioned in this post: Symmetry breaking in Bose-Hubbard model. Yet, I don't find it clear. I've in mind a 1D Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian. Moving from the Mott ...
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### How does phase gets aligned in a superconductor?

I am trying to make an analogy between the spontaneous symmetry breaking occurring in magnetism and that of superconducvity, but I am struggling to make it precise. In magnetism, we know that ...