Linked Questions

3
votes
0answers
232 views

Show the Lie algebra is the same for $SU(2) \times SU(2)$ and Lorentz group [duplicate]

So I know: $$[\sigma_{I},\sigma{j}] = 2i \epsilon_{ijk} \sigma_{k}$$ So two products of this should give us the Lorentz group: $SO(4) = SU(2) \times SU(2)$ Where $SO(4)$ has 3 Lie algebra which can ...
2
votes
0answers
179 views

Why study $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ representations when the representations of $SU(2)\times SU(2)$ exhausts all irreps of $SO(3,1)$? [duplicate]

One can show that the Lie algebra of $SO(3,1)$ is isomorphic to $SU(2)\times SU(2)$. And the representations of $SU(2)\times SU(2)$ exhausts all possible representations of $SO(3,1)$. $\bullet$ Why ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Why is $\mathfrak{so}(3,1)_{\mathbb{C}}^\uparrow \cong \mathfrak{su}_\mathbb{C}(2) \oplus \mathfrak{su}_\mathbb{C}(2)$ [duplicate]

I am studying the orthochronous Lorentz algebra $\mathfrak{so}(3,1)^\uparrow $ and it reads $$ [X_i,X_j]=i \varepsilon_{ijk} X_k $$ $$ [X_i,Y_j]=i \varepsilon_{ijk} Y_k $$ $$ [Y_i,Y_j]=-i\varepsilon_{...
76
votes
8answers
17k views

Why is the $S_{z} =0$ state forbidden for photons?

If photons are spin-1 bosons, then doesn't quantum mechanics imply that the allowed values for the z-component of spin (in units of $\hbar$) are -1, 0, and 1? Why then in practice do we only use the $...
22
votes
6answers
5k views

Why is there this relationship between quaternions and Pauli matrices?

I've just started studying quantum mechanics, and I've come across this correlation between Pauli matrices ($\sigma_i$) and quaternions which I can't grasp: namely, that $i\sigma_1$, $i\sigma_2$ and $...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Motivating Complexification of Lie Algebras?

What is the motivation for complexifying a Lie algebra? In quantum mechanical angular momentum the commutation relations $$[J_x,J_y]=iJ_z, \quad [J_y,J_z] = iJ_x,\quad [J_z,J_x] = iJ_y$$ become, on ...
28
votes
2answers
6k views

What's the relationship between $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$, $SU(2)\times SU(2)$ and $SO(1,3)$?

I'm a beginner of QFT. Ref. 1 states that [...] The Lorentz group $SO(1,3)$ is then essentially $SU(2)\times SU(2)$. But how is it possible, because $SU(2)\times SU(2)$ is a compact Lie group ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

$(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2})$ representation of $SU(2)\otimes SU(2)$

The representation $(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2})$ of the Lorentz group correspond to a four- vector or a spin-one object. Right? Does it imply that any four-vector is identical to a spin-one object or ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Vector spaces for the irreducible representations of the Lorentz Group

EDIT: The vector space for the $(\frac{1}{2},0)$ Representation is $\mathbb{C}^2$ as mentioned by Qmechanic in the comments to his answer below! The vector spaces for the other representations remain ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Symmetries of AdS$_3$, $SO(2,2)$ and $SL(2,\mathbb{R})\times SL(2,\mathbb{R})$

Basically, I want to know how one can see the $SL(2,\mathbb{R})\times SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ symmetry of AdS$_3$ explicitly. AdS$_3$ can be defined as hyperboloid in $\mathbb{R}^{2,2}$ as $$ X_{-1}^2+X_0^...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do we use the complexification of the Lorentz group?

I do understand why we are using the double cover, but why exactly do we make the transition to complex Lorentz transformations? Where and why are they needed? To be precise: The double cover of ...
10
votes
2answers
587 views

Can Lie algebra $sl(2,\mathbb{C})$ be decomposed to direct sum of two $sl(2,\mathbb{R})$?

The number of generators of Lie algebra $sl(2,\mathbb{C})$ is 6, and $sl(2,\mathbb{R})$ has 3 generators, Can Lie algebra $sl(2,\mathbb{C})$ be decomposed to direct sum of two $sl(2,\mathbb{R})$? Say \...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Is this a quaternion Lorentz Boost?

The quaternion Lorentz boost $v'=hvh^*+ 1/2( (hhv)^*-(h^*h^*v)^*)$ where $h$ is $(\cosh(x),\sinh(x),0,0)$ was derived by substituting the hyperbolic sine and cosine for the sine and cosine in the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Orthochronous Lorentz transformations are time-preserving and $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$

Let's consider the pseudosphere/hyperboloid in $\mathbb{R}^{1,2}$ given by $$x^2+y^2-z^2=-R^2.$$ We know that the Lorentz group $$O(1,2)=\{ A \in Mat(3,\mathbb{R}): A^tGA=G \},$$ where $G=diag(-...
8
votes
2answers
576 views

Existence proof of Lorentz transformation from lightlike to lightlike vectors

This is a question that might have quiet an easy answer and intuitively has an easy solution, but I struggle a bit with the strict mathematical proof. The statement is relatively simple: Let $t^\mu,...

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