Linked Questions

137
votes
5answers
16k views

Gauge symmetry is not a symmetry?

I have read before in one of Seiberg's articles something like, that gauge symmetry is not a symmetry but a redundancy in our description, by introducing fake degrees of freedom to facilitate ...
52
votes
5answers
5k views

Is the converse of Noether's first theorem true: Every conservation law has a symmetry?

Noether's (first) theorem states that any differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. Is the converse true: Any conservation law of a physical ...
28
votes
5answers
7k views

Noether charge of local symmetries

If our Lagrangian is invariant under a local symmetry, then, by simply restricting our local symmetry to the case in which the transformation is constant over space-time, we obtain a global symmetry, ...
31
votes
3answers
5k views

Noether's theorem and gauge symmetry

I'm confused about Noether's theorem applied to gauge symmetry. Say we have $$\mathcal L=-\frac14F_{ab}F^{ab}.$$ Then it's invariant under $A_a\rightarrow A_a+\partial_a\Lambda.$ But can I say that ...
18
votes
3answers
7k views

Noether theorem, gauge symmetry and conservation of charge

I'm trying to understand Noether's theorem, and it's application to gauge symmetry. Below what I've done so far. First, the global gauge symmetry. I'm starting with the Lagragian $$L_{1}=\partial^{\...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the symmetry which is responsible for preservation/conservation of electrical charges?

Another Noether's theorem question, this time about electrical charge. According to Noether's theorem, all conservation laws originate from invariance of a system to shifts in a certain space. For ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Physical difference between gauge symmetries and global symmetries

There are plenty of well-answered questions on Physics SE about the mathematical differences between gauge symmetries and global symmetries, such as this question. However I would like to understand ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

Noether's first theorem and classical proof of electric charge conservation

How to prove conservation of electric charge using Noether's first theorem according to classical (non-quantum) mechanics? I know the proof based on using Klein–Gordon field, but that derivation use ...
1
vote
0answers
432 views

From gauge invariance to charge conservation in covariant electrodynamics

I tried to solve the equations of motion using the action for the electromagnetic field interacting with a current, like $$ L = F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} + A_{\nu}j^{\nu} $$ getting the right Maxwell's ...
2
votes
0answers
197 views

Noether Charge and Gauge Fields

I understand the global gauge symmetry results conserved charges associated with the symmetry. My question is, why don't we have conserved charges associated with local gauge symmetry of the gauge ...
0
votes
0answers
161 views

Applying Noether's Theorem to local invariance

I have realised that I am unsure about how I can apply Noether's theorem to a Lagrangian with local invariance. For instance, the following Lagrangian has a local $U(1)$ invariance: $$\mathcal{L}=(D_{...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Number of Independent postulates in Electrodynamics

We know that there are two ways to get charge conservation in electrodynamics by using the following action: $$S[A]~=~\int\! d^4x {\cal L},$$ $$ {\cal L} ~=~{\cal L}_{\rm Maxwell} + {\cal L}_{\rm ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Noether current and continuity equation in classical scalar QED

Consider the following scalar QED model \begin{align} S = \int \mathrm{d}^{d+1} x\, \left\{-\left(\mathrm{D}_{\mu}\phi\right)^{\dagger} \left(\mathrm{D}^{\mu}\phi\right) -m^2 \phi^{\dagger}\phi - \...