Linked Questions

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1answer
320 views

Conserved quantity of a relativistic free Lagrangian for a Lorentz boost

Let $$L~=~-mc^2\sqrt{1- \frac{|\textbf{v}|^2}{c^2} },$$ where $\textbf{v}$ is the usual velocity of the particle in a fixed inertial frame. Then, this is the Lagrangian for a relativistic free ...
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1answer
239 views

Proving that Noether charge generates symmetries in the Lagrangian formalism

I know that similar questions have been asked on this site before, but I haven't been able to find the answer to my specific question. I want to show that the Noether charge defined in Lagrangian ...
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3answers
141 views

Why is dependence on derivatives not a problem in the definition of canonical energy-momentum tensor?

Let $\mathcal L(\phi,\partial\phi)$ be a Lagrangian for a field $\phi$. It is known that the Lagrangian $\mathcal L$ and the Lagrangian $\mathcal L+\partial_\mu K^\mu$ produces the same physics, ...
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2answers
163 views

Alternative symmetries for the Maxwell Lagrangian?

I'm wondering about how to show that $A_a\rightarrow A_a+\alpha\partial_0A_a$, with $\alpha$ infinitesimal, is an infinitesimal symmetry of $\mathcal L=-\frac14F_{ab}F^{ab}$. \begin{equation} F_{ab}\...
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2answers
120 views

Do total derivatives have anything to do with central extensions?

I recently got interested in the Galilean group and its central extension and found a paper "Quantization on a Lie group: Higher-order Polarizations" by Aldaya, Guerrero and Marmo. Before asking my ...
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1answer
187 views

Conservation of energy for a class of Lagrangians with explicit time dependence

I have read in my book that if $\frac{\partial L}{\partial t}=0$, then the quantity $ L-\frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot{q}} \dot{q} $ is conserved, and we call it the energy of the system. But if ...
2
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2answers
102 views

Is this a gauge symmetry?

Imagine a hypothetical action: $$S=\int \left(\frac{\partial}{\partial t}\phi(x,t)\right)^2 d^3x dt$$ Now we have a symmetry of the action: $$\phi(x,t)\rightarrow \phi(x,t)+\chi(x).$$ At time $t$, $\...
4
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1answer
97 views

Why are some symmetries invisible to the configuration space Lagrangian $L(q, \dot q,t)$?

Usually, when people talk about Lagrangians they are talking about a function of configuration space variables $q_i$ and their time derivatives $\dot q_i$. This is a function $L = L(q_i, \dot q_i,t)$. ...
1
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1answer
111 views

Lagrangian of free particle - classical case

I have a question, more related to a mathematical aspect of physics, which seems I am not understanding very well. So, by applying Galilean transformation between two reference frames, which move at ...
2
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2answers
80 views

Confusion about Noether's theorem

In my field theory class we recently derived Noether's theorem: We consider a infinitessimal transformation $\phi \to \phi + \epsilon \,\delta\phi$ of our field which preserves action i. e. $\delta S =...
2
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1answer
166 views

Elementary question about global supersymmetry of a worldsheet [closed]

I'm reading chapter 4 of the book by Green, Schwarz and Witten. They consider an action $$ S = -\frac{1}{2\pi} \int d^2 \sigma \left( \partial_\alpha X^\mu \partial^\alpha X_\mu - i \bar \psi^\mu \rho^...
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0answers
165 views

Are there (interesting) Poincare-invariant QFTs with non-invariant Lagrangian densities?

In all QFTs I know, the Lagrangian density is completely invariant under the Poincare group, $$ \mathcal L \to \mathcal L. $$ On the other hand, the action would be invariant even if the Lagrangian ...
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1answer
90 views

Symmetry modulo total derivative term in Noether's Theorem

I came across the proof of Noether's Theorem in David Tong's notes (page 14) on QFT. He writes something like, We say that the transformation $$\delta\phi(x) = \chi (\phi) \tag{1.34}$$ is a ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Why is an action built from superfields guaranteed to be supersymmetric?

Given a superfield (in 0+1 spacetime + 2 superspace coordinates) $$X(t,\theta_1,\theta_2) = x(t) + \theta_i \psi_i(t) + \theta_1 \theta_2 F_{12}(t)\tag{1}$$ and given the standard supercharges ...
1
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1answer
41 views

How do we define the quantity $Q$, in the conservation of energy? And what does it rely on?

Noether's theorem to me explains how a certain defined quantity (Q) is conserved (locally) in time due to the time translation symmetry, and to be more specific; if we had a ball that is placed in a ...

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