Greatest Hits

25 votes
11 answers

What is the difference between weight and mass?

What is the difference between the weight of an object and the mass of an object?
Hobbs's user avatar
  • 675
9 votes
2 answers

Example of situation with conduction, convection, and radiation

I am studying heat transfer and have learned there are three kinds of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation. Some examples are: Conduction: Touching a stove and being burned Ice ...
edgarmtze's user avatar
  • 263
15 votes
6 answers

How does pressure of a fluid change with area, according to the continuity equation and Bernoulli's equation?

In a nozzle, the exit velocity increases as per continuity equation $Av=const$ as given by Bernoulli equation (incompressible fluid). Pressure is inversely proportional to velocity, so we have lower ...
user38421's user avatar
  • 151
35 votes
7 answers

What is the difference between diffraction and interference of light?

I know these two phenomena but I want to know a little deep explanation. What type of fringes are obtained in these phenomena?
Abdul Wajid Lakhani's user avatar
21 votes
8 answers

Why do bulbs glow brighter when connected in parallel?

Consider a circuit powered by a battery. If light bulbs are attached in parallel, the current will be divided across all of them. But if the light bulbs are connected in series, the current will be ...
Krishanu Singh's user avatar
76 votes
4 answers

How does water evaporate if it doesn't boil?

When the sun is out after a rain, I can see what appears to be steam rising off a wooden bridge nearby. I'm pretty sure this is water turning into a gas. However, I thought water had to reach 100 ...
Malcolm Crum's user avatar
  • 1,053
18 votes
6 answers

Why does the comb attract the pieces of papers if they're neutral?

When we rub our hairs with a comb, and then try to attract small pieces of paper, they're attracted by the comb. The pieces of the paper were not electrified before they were attracted. Then they ...
Samama Fahim's user avatar
  • 1,387
168 votes
2 answers

Why is my dryer radioactive?

My Geiger counter measures a background radiation level in my home of 0.09–0.11 μSv/h. When I stick it inside the dryer right after it finishes a cycle (while the clothes are still inside), it ...
Marsroverr's user avatar
26 votes
5 answers

Why does a glass rod when rubbed with silk cloth aquire positive charge and not negative charge?

I have read many times in the topic of induction that a glass rod when rubbed against a silk cloth acquires a positive charge. Why does it acquire positive charge only, and not negative charge? It ...
Manisha's user avatar
  • 883
203 votes
7 answers

How do moving charges produce magnetic fields?

I'm tutoring high school students. I've always taught them that: A charged particle moving without acceleration produces an electric as well as a magnetic field. It produces an electric field ...
claws's user avatar
  • 7,335
51 votes
3 answers

Why do we use Root Mean Square (RMS) values when talking about AC voltage

What makes it a good idea to use RMS rather than peak values of current and voltage when we talk about or compute with AC signals.
anilkumar's user avatar
  • 623
814 votes
24 answers

Cooling a cup of coffee with help of a spoon

During breakfast with my colleagues, a question popped into my head: What is the fastest method to cool a cup of coffee, if your only available instrument is a spoon? A qualitative answer would be ...
fortran's user avatar
  • 7,857
53 votes
1 answer

How does this "simple" electric train work?

In this YouTube video, a dry cell battery, a wound copper wire and a few magnets (see image below) are being used to create what can be described as "train". It looks fascinating but how does this ...
noir1993's user avatar
  • 2,136
29 votes
7 answers

Why do two bodies of different masses fall at the same rate (in the absence of air resistance)?

I'm far from being a physics expert and figured this would be a good place to ask a beginner question that has been confusing me for some time. According to Galileo, two bodies of different masses, ...
merwaaan's user avatar
  • 409
89 votes
9 answers

Why doesn't the Moon fall onto the Earth?

Why doesn't the Moon fall onto the Earth? For that matter, why doesn't anything rotating a larger body ever fall onto the larger body?
Adir Peretz's user avatar
  • 1,033
14 votes
6 answers

What is the difference between phase difference and path difference?

The path difference is the difference between the distances travelled by two waves meeting at a point. Given the path difference, how does one calculate the phase difference?
Meghna Raviraj karkera's user avatar
63 votes
17 answers

How can momentum but not energy be conserved in an inelastic collision?

In inelastic collisions, kinetic energy changes, so the velocities of the objects also change. So how is momentum conserved in inelastic collisions?
user36604's user avatar
  • 633
29 votes
5 answers

How does the freezing temperature of water vary with respect to pressure?

I know when the pressure is reduced, the boiling temperature of water is reduced as well. But how does the pressure affect the freezing point of water? In a low-pressure environment, is water's ...
Marwan Doumit's user avatar
82 votes
10 answers

Why is light called an 'electromagnetic wave' if it's neither electric nor magnetic?

How can light be called electromagnetic if it doesn't appear to be electric nor magnetic? If I go out to the sunlight, magnets aren't affected (or don't seem to be). And there is no transfer of ...
makerofthings7's user avatar
34 votes
7 answers

How exactly does time slow down near a black hole?

How exactly does time slow down near a black hole? I have heard this as a possible way of time traveling, and I do understand that it is due in some way to the massive gravity around a black hole, but ...
Annika Peterson's user avatar
36 votes
5 answers

Jumping into water

Two questions: Assuming you dive head first or fall straight with your legs first, what is the maximal height you can jump into water from and not get hurt? In other words, an H meter fall into water ...
Uri's user avatar
  • 2,080
6 votes
10 answers

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
user40230's user avatar
70 votes
8 answers

Why doesn't the frequency of light change during refraction?

When light passes from one medium to another its velocity and wavelength change. Why doesn't frequency change in this phenomenon?
Self-Made Man's user avatar
196 votes
21 answers

Given Newton's third law, why are things capable of moving?

Given Newton's third law, why is there motion at all? Should not all forces even themselves out, so nothing moves at all? When I push a table using my finger, the table applies the same force onto my ...
user16458's user avatar
  • 2,003
52 votes
6 answers

Why is AC more "dangerous" than DC?

After going through several forums, I became more confused whether it is DC or AC that is more dangerous. In my text book, it is written that the peak value of AC is greater than that of DC, which is ...
Four Seasons's user avatar
  • 2,565
209 votes
10 answers

If photons have no mass, how can they have momentum?

As an explanation of why a large gravitational field (such as a black hole) can bend light, I have heard that light has momentum. This is given as a solution to the problem of only massive objects ...
david4dev's user avatar
  • 2,774
11 votes
3 answers

What is the sign of the work done on the system and by the system?

What is the sign of the work done on the system and by the system? My chemistry book says when work is done on the system, it is positive. When work is done by the system, it is negative. My physics ...
Rafique's user avatar
  • 1,159
3 votes
6 answers

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
user379468's user avatar
44 votes
4 answers

Virtual vs Real image

I'm doing magnification and lens in class currently, and I really don't get why virtual and real images are called what they are. A virtual image occurs the object is less than the focal length of ...
Jonathan.'s user avatar
  • 6,927
51 votes
8 answers

Difference between live and neutral wires

In domestic electrical circuits, there are 3 wires - live, earth and neutral. What is the difference between the live and neutral wires? As there is AC supply, it means that there are no fixed ...
ghosts_in_the_code's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers

How can a salt solution conduct electrical current?

How does a sodium chloride solution conduct electricity? I know that sodium chloride dissociates into sodium and chloride ions in water, so when a voltage is applied, those ions can move. However, if ...
user209347's user avatar
18 votes
5 answers

Which direction does air flow?

I remember learning this in high school, but have forgotten it, and can't seem to find it anywhere online. Air travels from areas of high pressure to low pressure...correct? So if I have a cold room ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 283
14 votes
9 answers

What is a phase of a wave and a phase difference?

What is the meaning of the phase of a wave and phase difference? How do you visualize it?
Harsh's user avatar
  • 357
35 votes
4 answers

What is the difference between center of mass and center of gravity?

What is the difference between center of mass and center of gravity? These terms seem to be used interchangeably. Is there a difference between them for non-moving object on Earth, or moving objects ...
DarkLightA's user avatar
  • 1,432
53 votes
4 answers

On a hot day, when it's cooler outside than in; is it better to put a fan in an open window pointing inwards or outwards?

If it's really hot inside, but cooler outside; what is the best way to place a single fan to try and cool a room down? I always assumed it would be better pointing inwards (and this thread suggests ...
Danny Tuppeny's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers

How to determine the direction of induced current flow?

There are three ways of inducing current in a loop/coil of wire as shown in my book. We can have a magnet approach a coil of wire, or a wire approaching a magnet. Both can be understood in the same ...
most venerable sir's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers

Why do diamonds shine?

I have always wondered why diamonds shine. Can anyone tell me why?
Pranit Bauva's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers

Rule sign for concave and convex lens?

I am just totally confused about the rule sign of convex and concave lenses. The general formula: $$1/v-1/u=1/f.$$ Is okay but when solving problem sums sometimes $v$ becomes negative sometimes $u$ ...
Aashish Kumar Shaw's user avatar
146 votes
8 answers

Why does a remote car key work when held to your head/body?

I was trying to unlock my car with a keyfob, but I was out of range. A friend of mine said that I have to hold the transmitter next to my head. It worked, so I tried the following later that day: ...
Yababaa's user avatar
  • 2,239
21 votes
8 answers

A simple derivation of the Centripetal Acceleration Formula?

Could someone show me a simple and intuitive derivation of the Centripetal Acceleration Formula $a=v^2/r$, preferably one that does not involve calculus or advanced trigonometry?
Conceptuality's user avatar
26 votes
4 answers

Does the rotation of the earth dramatically affect airplane flight time?

Say I'm flying from Sydney, to Los Angeles (S2LA), back to Sydney (LA2S). During S2LA, travelling with the rotation of the earth, would the flight time be longer than LA2S on account of Los Angeles ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 991
89 votes
15 answers

What is the difference between "kinematics" and "dynamics"?

I have noticed that authors in the literature sometimes divide characteristics of some phenomenon into "kinematics" and "dynamics". I first encountered this in Jackson's E&M book, where, in ...
nibot's user avatar
  • 9,541
5 votes
2 answers

What energy is transformed to heat when a candle is burned?

What energy is being transformed to heat when you burn a candle?
Andy B.'s user avatar
  • 151
6 votes
2 answers

Ground state energy of infinite Heisenberg XXX model with open or periodic boundary conditions equal?

I was wondering if there is anywhere a formal proof that shows that the ground state energy of a Heisenberg XXX model with periodic boundary conditions becomes equal to the ground state energy with ...
user1792605's user avatar
17 votes
6 answers

Why change in internal energy is zero in isothermal process?

In isothermal process $\Delta U =0$. But I am having trouble understanding it. Say we have an ideal gas, and say my temperature is constant but I move the pressure, volume from $(P, V) \to (P-dP, V+...
user3001408's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers

Relation between Electric field and potential

I am unable to understand from this - sign comes. Which step I have done wrong?
Aman's user avatar
  • 135
12 votes
4 answers

Why is work a scalar and not a vector?

Work (in physics) is a scalar. Why is it not a vector?
user avatar
33 votes
8 answers

What is the difference between stress and pressure?

What is the difference between stress and pressure? Are there any intuitive examples that explain the difference between the two? How about an example of when pressure and stress are not equal?
Armadillo's user avatar
  • 1,395
14 votes
8 answers

What causes an electric shock - Current or Voltage?

Though voltage and current are two interdependent physical quantity, I would like to know what gives more "shock" to a person - Voltage or Current? In simple words, will it cause more "electric - ...
Tabish's user avatar
  • 157
20 votes
4 answers

Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice less dense than water? As I know, all solids are usually denser than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
Gil's user avatar
  • 863