I'm familiar with the equations for friction for a static object and an object moving at steady speed over a surface from high school physics. But we never learned how an object moving only due to momentum experiences friction. This is something I've modeled several times while building simple 2D games, but I have no idea if what I have made matches reality in any way.
Is the force of friction dependent on the speed of the object across the surface? Or is the force constant as the object decelerates? Is there a simple equation giving the acceleration (deceleration) of the object depending on it's mass and velocity?