I am trying to find the equation for calculating the direction and magnitude of $B$ and/or $H$ at a distance from a dipole magnet but my searches are proving impossible.
So far I have found the calculation for the magnitude of $B$ of a single wire at distance $r$ and I know the direction is found with the right-hand rule but I cannot find anything to do with permanent magnets, in particular the vector quantity.
I know the field will want to travel from the north pole to the south pole but the field doesn't take the shortest route, it has a sort of "trajectory" if you look at pictures?
I make this post then I found this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipole#Field_of_a_static_magnetic_dipole
One thing I am unclear on is $\bf r$, which is:
$\bf r$ is the vector from the position of the dipole to the position where the field is being measured
What point on the dipole is this vector calculated from? The north pole, the south pole, the center of the dipole?