When a system has a dopant, how much does the Fermi level shift?
For example, say a finite concentration of substitutional dopants replace some bulk atoms, and each has one extra electron. Ignore any changes in geometry. Say we do some DFT calculations that show the charge transfer to be 0.1 between the impurity and the bulk. Will the Fermi energy shift according to the new total number of electrons in the system, or as 0.1*number of electrons?
I am thinking the first one, as EF should be related to the total number of electrons in the system. However, with a small charge transfer could we not regard the remaining 0.9 of charge "bound" to the dopant?