I'm currently studying the superconformal algebra $psu(2,2|4)$, but I'm having trouble understanding its representation. Following arxiv:1012.4004
I know that the maximal compact subalgebra is su(2) $\oplus$ su(2) $\oplus$ su(4) (Lorentz & $R$-symmetry), and that a unitary rep is specified by the Dynkin labels [$s_1$, $s_2$] for the Lorentz algebra and with the conformal algebra su(2,2) we have [$s_1$, r, $s_2$]. The Dynkin labels of so(4) are $[q1,p,q2]$ such that they combine into [$s_1;r_1;q_1,p,q_2;r_2;s_2$] for su(2,2|4).
What exactly are Dynkin labels, and how are they different from Dynkin indices and weights? Why is it enough to specify a state by its Dynkin label?
I think my lack of knowledge about Lie algebras may be at the root of my problem. Can anyone recommend any good literature that covers these advanced topics? I've tried Brian C. Hall's text, but it hasn't been helpful.