I'm struggling a bit understanding capacitors. I understand all the basics/formulas of capacitors in series and in parallel, but is lacking a complete intuitive understanding of how capacitors. So I came upon a question the other day with a charged capacitor (by a voltage source) and then removing the battery and adding an uncharged capacitor, the charge flows along as if this was in a parallel sense, thus making the situation like figure 1 below.
Correct me if I'm wrong, so I thought the charge flows along, creating the dipoles like shown (pos to pos/ neg to neg). What if we now had more capacitors connected in series? When no battery is connected, would it create the dipoles like in fig 2 or in fig 3? (I am getting awfully confused...)
And also I thought that when batteries are involved in the circuit, perhaps the dipoles are created based on the direction of current? Is that what's happening?
Thanks in advance. It would also be helpful if you can provide an intuitive understanding of what capacitance/capacitor is.