Can you calculate the mass of an object by its own orbit around another object? I found many ways to calculate the mass of an object by measuring the trajectories of other objects orbiting it, but does it work the other way round?
E.g. you can calculate the mass of Jupiter by observing the orbit of Io, but can you calculate the mass of Jupiter by its own orbit around the sun? I tried using Keplers first law, since it relates the object mass to its trajectory, but to solve for the orbiting mass I would need to know its total energy (kinetic + potential). The kinetic energy is easily derived from it's orbit, but I can't find a way to determine the potential energy or the total energy without knowing its mass beforehand. Using Newtons Gravity equation doesn't work either since the orbiting mass cancels out if you compare gravitational and centripetal force. Does the orbit of an object even depend on its mass as long as it has some or would an object, that only weighs 1kg have the same orbit as the earth around the sun as long as its starting position and velocity is the same as earths?