I am not 100% sure what the question is, but I will try to say some things about the interaction picture in general hoping that they will prove to be useful to you. If there are any concerns left after you read this post, you can always comment.
First of all, a comment on Eq. (1) in your text: We know that in the Schroedinger picture, states are time evovled, whereas the operators are thought to be time-independent. On the other hand, in the Heisenberg picture, the operators carry the time-dependence and the states are thought to be independent of time. So, given two states $|\psi(T)\rangle_S$ and $|\psi_0\rangle$ in the Schroedinger and Heisenberg picture respectively, the following equation holds
and furthermore it provides a way of associating states in the first picture with states in the second. Here, $H$ is the full Hamiltonian, which can always be written as the kinetic part, $H_0$ plus whatever interaction exists in the physical system under consideration, $V$. Assuming that the interaction is described in terms of a coupling constant, which we assume to be small, at the $T\rightarrow\infty$ limit, the interaction is thought to be neglected and hence
Now, if instead of the mapping of an arbitrary state $|\psi_0\rangle$ from the Schroedinger picture to the Heisenberg one, I choose to study the mapping of the state that is eigenstate to the free Hamiltonian, from Schroedinger's picture to the Heisenberg one, then I get
where I have labelled with $|\psi(T)\rangle_S$) the state in the Schroedinger picture (whose corresponding Heisenberg picture $|E_0\rangle$ is this time) again. This justifies some things about the form of Eq. (1) I think.
Then, we have the usual prescription that takes us from the Schroedinger picture to the Interaction picture (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interaction_picture). This is given by
substituting the previous expression in the above-mentioned prescription, one obtains the state state $|E_0\rangle$ in the Interaction picture.
So, in other words, the interaction picture of a state that is eigenstate of the free Hamiltonian (in the Scrhoedinger picture) is given by that very same state itself. Or put simply, for eigenstates of the free Hamiltonian, it doesn't matter if one wors in the interaction picture or the Heisenberg one.
I hope this helps...