# Finding Shift due to Refraction in Multiple Slabs when the object and viewer are in different medium [duplicate]

So, suppose we have three rectangular slabs each of varying refractive indices(R.I.) and thickness. We have a real point object to the left of the first slab and we have an observer to the right of the third slab, given we are naming the first, second and third slab from the object to the observer.

Now, in the first case, let's assume both the object and the observer are in the same medium(having obviously the same R.I. μobject=μobserver), whose R.I. is different from that of the slabs. So, in this case, the apparent shift would be the summation of the individual shifts when the slabs are kept separately having the medium of the object on either side.

[Individual shift, s=t(1- μ1/μ2), where t=thickness of the glass slab, μ1=R.I. of medium where glass slab is kept, μ2=R.I. of the glass slab.]

While in the second case, let the observer be in another medium (having a different R.I. from that of the object μob ≠ μobs but it may be the same as any one of the slabs). Now my question is, how will we calculate the apparent shift here? Because we can't apply the individual shift formula as described above as the medium on either side is not the same...

A rough image of my question is given below:-

• Please don't delete and repost closed questions. You can edit your original post to be on-topic and it will be considered for opening.
– Chris
Commented May 18, 2022 at 19:36
• Related : Refraction across two interfaces. Commented May 18, 2022 at 19:48