So yesterday, we did a practical in Physics, where we found the focal length of a convex lens, through an experiment where we had 2 needle-like objects and a convex lens placed between them, and we had to adjust the lens in a certain manner. Since the image of the object (say A) would be inverted, it's needle would appear to point downward in the lens and we had to adjust lens such that the pointed end of the image that we see of object A in the lens must co-incide with object B's pointed end.
But I never understood why we are doing that? I know that we require 2 variables in determining the focal length, one is (v) the image distance from the lens and the other is (u) the object distance from the lens.
I have a lot of confusions about this experiment so I'll start with the most basic one.
- Why are we able to see the real image in the lens of a convex lens? Why does it appear to be inside the convex lens, I understand why we are able to see a virtual image formed by a concave lens as being formed inside the lens, as when we trace the light rays back, we appear to get an image behind the lens.
But since the image that is formed by a convex lens is real and intersects at a point in front of the lens, why is it that I am able to see the inverted image of it being formed inside the lens? Shouldn't I need a screen to obtain the image, and if the retina of my eyes is acting as a screen here then why do I see it being formed inside the lens?
2)So another mystery that seems to me is why do we have another needle (Object B) and we have to place it in a certain manner (as described above) and that distance that we measure of Object B when it is placed in that certain manner is the distance of the image that is formed by the convex lens of Object A? I am just not able to grasp how that would be.
I hope someone can understand my query and resolve it.