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Skyrmions and magnetic vortices are spin structures occurring in magnets.

What are the differences between them? More specifically, I would like to understand their origin and how to distinguish them.

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  • $\begingroup$ It's a good question - would you also be interested in seeing an answer in the context of HEP gauge theory rather than cond-mat? $\endgroup$ Sep 27 '21 at 16:15
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, I would, as long as I'll be able to see the analogy $\endgroup$
    – B. Brekke
    Sep 27 '21 at 16:37
  • $\begingroup$ I would recommend reading: "Topological Solitons" by N.Manton and P. Sutcliffe. They classify a vortex as a soliton in a 2d linear field theory, whereas a baby skyrmion (magnetic skyrmion) and a skyrmion are solitons in nonlinear field theories. But this classification might be dependent on the author of what you are reading. $\endgroup$ Oct 8 '21 at 13:20

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