In a conducting sphere, the net charge is evenly distributed at the surface because of repulsion while the inner electric field remains zero as charges cancel inside. Here is an example, where the net charge is the sum of the positive charges evenly distributed at the surface, which are what create the outer electric field:
Why exactly does this happen? I assume it's because the perturbation in the inner electric field (which for an instant creates a net inner electric field) reaches the inner electrons before reaching the surface positive charges, and by the time the perturbation in the field would have reached the positive charges on the surface, there's already been a redistribution of charge inside. Is this correct?
Doesn't the surface distribution change at all, even if for an instant?
I'm looking for a more intuitive/visual explanation, like the idea above.