I'm trying to understand the relationship between the Carnot Cycle and Hurricanes. My understanding thus far is that the Carnot Cycle follows 4 stages: 2 Isothermic (same temperature) and 2 Adiabatic (no heat transfer).
Put simply, there's a reservoir (hot/cold) and gas. In the first stage, the hot reservoir is in contact with the gas. The gas expands and does work and its temperature does not change. Everything's great.
Now you take out the reservoir ... why? And the gas still expands! Why?
Now you put the gas in contact with a cold reservoir and the piston presses on the gas. The volume decreases, but the temperature remains the same because the gas transfers its energy to the cold reservoir. Great, but why exactly do we need this stage?
And then we take the cold reservoir away from the gas and the gas keeps contracting ... ? Why?
And perhaps the question I'm struggling most to answer ... what's the relationship between the Carnot Cycle and Hurricanes?
I know there are many other questions regarding the Carnot Cycle, but having looked at all of them, I see that everyone learns it a bit differently. I would be very grateful if anyone could help me answer these questions.