Is the B pulley in this picture called "multi layer" or "stacked" pulley? What is it look like in real life? In this problem, which circle is counted as its size? Is it the one attached to strings (red arrow) or the most outside circle (blue arrow)?


I am not sure to say whether this is called a 'multi-layer pulley'. But as you can see there are only three pulleys labelled as 'A','B' and 'C' in this figure. Probably, pulley 'B' consists of two disks welded together.

And I am here trying to answer your second question.

...which circle is counted as its size?

This question shouldn't be asked. First you need to understand why pulley 'B' rotates faster than the others. Yes, it is because it is the smallest pulley here, somehow. Let's look at this more scientifically. For simplicity, consider the system that contains pulleys 'A' and 'B'. The velocity of any point of the string which connect these two pulleys should be a constant. Let it be $v$. And the points on the pulleys where they touch the string have this $v$ velocity. It means that the points on the circumferences of the circles has $v$ velocity. The question asks 'what pulley rotates fast?'. In other words, 'which pulley has the maximum angular velocity?'. As $v=\omega r$, $\omega \propto\frac{1}{r}$,when $v$ is constant. It means the circle which has the minimum radius, rotates faster. It is literally pleasing to say, 'smallest circle rotates fastest'.

Thus here as an answer to your question, you can assume that the smaller circle is counted as pulley's size. It is because the rope is attached to the smaller circle(as you say). But it is meaningless to say that.


This image was found on wikipedia:

compound pulley

Regarding your image, I suppose there should be two slots, excluding large circle, as two belts are attached.

Hope this helps.

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you a lot $\endgroup$
    – Hmm
    Jul 14 at 22:36
  • $\begingroup$ @Hmm, you are welcome and you can accept or upvote an answer instead of saying 'thanks'. physics.stackexchange.com/help/someone-answers $\endgroup$
    – ACB
    Jul 15 at 6:16
  • $\begingroup$ I always upvote those who answer me. It's just that you need 15 reputation to cast a vote, so it not showed😢 $\endgroup$
    – Hmm
    Jul 20 at 7:03

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