I have now read on the Wikipedia pages for unbihexium, unbinilium, and copernicium that these elements will not behave similarly to their forebears because of “relativistic effects”. When I read about rutherfordium, it too brings up the relativistic effects, but only to say that it compared well with its predecessors, despite some calculations indicating it would behave differently, due to relativistic effects.
The dubnium page on Wikipedia says that dubnium breaks periodic trends, because of relativistic effects. The Wikipedia page on seaborgium doesn't even mention relativistic effects, only stating that it behaves as the heavier homologue to tungsten. Bohrium's Wikipedia page says it's a heavier homologue to rhenium.
So, what are these relativistic effects and why do they only take effect in superheavy nuclei? When I think of relativistic effects, I think speeds at or above $.9 c$ or near incredibly powerful gravitational forces. So, I fail to see how it comes into play here. Is it because the electrons have to travel at higher speeds due to larger orbits?