In the abstract of this paper they say
The algorithmic output is distinguishable from noise, in contrast to
The previous demonstrations seem to be claims to have factored $15$.
Shor's algorithm works (slowly) even if your "quantum" computer has a coherence time of zero. The reason is that it runs the quantum subroutine in a loop, classically checking the output until it finds a factor. If the qubits are effectively classical (measured after every gate operation), then the output of the quantum subroutine will be uniformly random, and eventually it will be correct.
If you're factoring a large number, then the algorithm terminating in less than the age of the universe proves that your quantum computer is working. If you're factoring a tiny number that could be factored instantaneously by trial division, then Shor's algorithm terminating by itself proves nothing. You need some other evidence that the computation is really quantum, such as the frequency distribution of different outputs.
It's somewhat moot, though, because neither this paper nor the previous demonstrations actually implemented Shor's algorithm. Their quantum computers couldn't even store the number they claimed to factor, much less do modular exponentiation. There may have been merit to the experiments from an engineering perspective, but tying them to Shor's algorithm was just clickbait. See Smolin, Smith and Vargo, "Oversimplifying quantum factoring" and Dattani and Bryans, "Quantum factorization of 56153 with only 4 qubits".