# A relationship between Lagrangian formalism and Hamiltonian formalism

In the Lagrangian formalism, The Lagrangian $$L = T\text{(kinetic energy)} - V\text{(potential energy)}$$ The equations of motion for a given system is given by minimizing the action functional which is a integration of $$L$$.[1]

In the Hamiltonian formalism, The Hamiltonian $$H = T\text{(kinetic energy)} + V\text{(potential energy)}$$ The equations of motion for a given system are described by Hamilton’s equations which are differential equations of H.[1]

Said in an informal way: one formalism is 'subtract $$(T-V)$$' then 'integrate', the other formalism is 'add $$(T+V)$$' then 'differential'.

There is an interesting relationship between them: 'add' is the inverse of 'subtract', and 'differential' is the inverse of 'integrate'.

My question is : is there any deep understanding behind this relationship?

References:

1. No-Nonsense Classical Mechanics, JAKOB SCHWICHTENBERG, 2019. page 114-115.

There are, of course, relationships between the two but not exactly the way you described. Also In general, it's not true, $$\mathcal{L}=T-V \ \ \ \ \text{Not true in general}\ !!!$$ $$\mathcal{H}=T+V \ \ \ \ \text{Not true in general}\ !!!$$
$$\mathcal{H}=p\dot{q}-\mathcal{L}$$ So both Hamiltonian and Lagrangian follow the differential equations.
Another can be derived from the same $$\delta\int\mathcal{L}dt=0$$ $$\delta \int (p\dot{q}-\mathcal{H})dt=0$$ In this respect, both follow the least action principle.