A rocket is traveling at a reasonable speed directly away from planet M at a large distance D. M is shaped like a coin and to the astronaut looking through a telescope directly out the back of the rocket, the front of M is spinning from the astronauts right hand to his left hand. Suddenly, the rocket pilot accelerates the rocket to a speed just under the speed of light ($c - w$, where $w$ is small) by supplying almost infinite energy. Distance D is large enough such that the rate of expansion of space over that distance is greater than $w$, hence the proper distance between the rocket and M is increasing at a rate greater than $c$.
From the astronauts observation does M's position cross from time-like, through null, to space-like?
What does the Astronaut observe through an ultrapowerful telescope? Nothing, M spinning from left hand to right, or something else?
If the astronaut had a ultra sensitive equipment that could sense infinitesimal changes in the gravitational field coming from M, would they appear to be due to M spinning right to left, left to right, or something else?
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