Why or for what purpose is this attraction purposeful or what is the reasoning behind why these energy particles are drawn to each other?

Any proven results, or proposed theories of your own, or other ideas why?

I don't mean this from a practical standing point of convenience (i.e, I don't mean why are they in correlation of electrical use, but just "why" in general are they attracted).

EXAMPLE: Why would lesser electrons make one atom want to draw more? Why does the atom, to be blunt, need or have any purpose to draw/attract other energy, vice-versa, etc.?


closed as not a real question by Waffle's Crazy Peanut, anna v, Emilio Pisanty, Manishearth May 1 '13 at 8:11

It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • $\begingroup$ The electric force is just something that is observed in nature, given a name, studied and modelled mathematically. $\endgroup$ – RedGrittyBrick Apr 29 '13 at 19:27
  • $\begingroup$ this is not really a physics question. physics can only answer "how" questions: based on a few axioms and postulates one explains how atoms which are electrically neutral have stable bonds to other atoms. the answer to "why" these axioms, is "because" the observations can be described; circular. $\endgroup$ – anna v Apr 30 '13 at 5:43
  • $\begingroup$ Besides what anna mentions, this question is quite unclear. $\endgroup$ – Manishearth May 1 '13 at 8:11

It sounds like the way you're imagining this is the source of your confusion. Electrons in one atom are not attracted to the electrons in another atom. What actually happens is that it requires less energy for two atoms to come together and share some electrons in a covalent bond. How much can be saved and the configuration of the bonded atoms depends on the configuration of their electrons and especially the outer valence electrons.

There was a question similar to this at Chemistry.SE.

If you want to dive deep into the details, see the electronegativity Wikipedia article.


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