# If the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate, was it stationary at some point in time and contracting before that?

If the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate it would mean that the more we go in the past, the slower the speed of expansion must have been. Provided the acceleration was always non-zero and in the same direction, at some point in time in the past, it should have been stationary, and before that the speed should have been in the opposite direction, and the universe should have been contracting. Does this make any sense whatsoever? Assuming it does, and assuming that the point at which it was stationary was during the big bang, would this imply that there was a 'big crunch' before the big bang and possibly what actually initiated it?

• The acceleration initially slowed with time then speeded up again. See How does the Hubble parameter change with the age of the universe? for a summary of how the expansion changed with time. Jan 5, 2021 at 18:14
• See pages 5 and 6 in arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9906447v1 where plots of the universe's evolution are given for some combinations of density parameters. Jan 5, 2021 at 19:14
• Thanks for the replies, it seems like the rate of expansion was more or less similar through time, with small deviations in the speed. Although I wanted to clarify two things: are those equations reliable in making predictions or estimated extrapolations based on limited data? Secondly is it still plausible that the universe contracted before, creating a singularity which then caused the big bang?
– user283752
Jan 5, 2021 at 19:37
• If the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate” - But it doesn’t. This “discovery” has been debunked time and again. Jan 6, 2021 at 15:51
• @safesphere How do you mean that? The way you state it, it sounds wrong to me, do you have some source for the statement? Jan 7, 2021 at 16:08