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I got this Archimedes' principles from a website named smithplanets.com

Can you explain why we cut the volume of water equivalent to the weight of an object when the object is floating in the water and why we cut out volume of water equivalent to the volume of the object, if the object is submerged.

If you can give any mathematical proof it will be amazing, by the way I just need an clear and cut explanation to this.

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  • $\begingroup$ Weight can't be equal to mass, so point 1 doesn't make any sense. $\endgroup$ – BioPhysicist Sep 18 '20 at 20:25
  • $\begingroup$ Related : Proof of Archimedes Principle. $\endgroup$ – Frobenius Sep 18 '20 at 22:01
  • $\begingroup$ I see that an answer goes to the point. The first sentence is obviously wrong, its meaning can nevertheless be reconstructed. $\endgroup$ – Alchimista Sep 21 '20 at 15:38
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See if the object is floating on the surface of a liquid then it is not completely necessary that the object will displace liquid equal to its volume. Refer the figure below

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You can see that the body is not submerged and only some portion of the object is in the liquid (the marked region ). So the volume of the displaced liquid by this object will be the volume of the marked region. If we don't know the volume of the object inside the liquid then we can't clearly find the volume of the displaced liquid but one thing can be surely said that since the object is at rest this means that it had displaced liquid equal to its weight and not mass. And hence it is experiencing the same force in the upward direction.

Now if the object is completely immersed in the liquid and still hovering somewhere in the tank i.e. it didn't reached to the bottom of the tank , this means that it had taken all the space that it should take i.e. its volume and the force which it experience is now the weight of the displaced liquid . If that buoyant force is greater than the weight of the object then it will again come to the top surface of liquid but if it is less then it will sink . If it is at the bottom of the tank then it experiences one more force the Normal Force due to the tank and hence comes at rest.

Hope it helps 🙂.

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  • $\begingroup$ @PATRICK was that helpful ? $\endgroup$ – Ankit Sep 19 '20 at 8:27
  • $\begingroup$ Bhai aap mere saath agree kar rahee ho ya disagree,wo samajh nahi payaa... $\endgroup$ – PATRICK Sep 19 '20 at 10:48
  • $\begingroup$ @PATRICK I totally agree with you as the first sentence makes no sense and it is completely wrong . This is what I tried to explain in my answer. $\endgroup$ – Ankit Sep 19 '20 at 11:03
  • $\begingroup$ So the first line must be like, "equal in weight to the objects weight right.... $\endgroup$ – PATRICK Sep 19 '20 at 17:03
  • $\begingroup$ @PATRICK yeah u r right. $\endgroup$ – Ankit Sep 19 '20 at 17:10
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The second part is very easy, the object just takes the place of the water it displaces For the first part: imagine an about of water of the man of the object. this water stand at its place not moving up- or downward, do the forces of the surrounding water keep it there. Now replace it with your object of the same mass, the forces are the same and keep it there. the explanation withe the pressure the water has at different depth is a little more complicated but easy, if you take a cylinder or another object with straight walls.

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The wording leaves a lot to be desired, in my opinion. Where did you get it? Per Wikipedia:

"Archimedes' principle states that the upward buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially submerged, is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces".

The first statement makes no sense since mass is not weight.

The second statement also doesn't make sense because it doesn't necessarily have anything to do with buoyancy. For example, I can forcibly keep the object submerged in which case the volume of the water displaced will obviously equal the volume of the object. But if I have to forcibly hold it down, if I let the object go it would pop up an float partially.

The degree to which an object will float, either partially or completely, will depend on its density relative to the fluid. In order for the object to float (be in equilibrium), its weight must equal the weight of the volume of water it displaces. That is, the upward buoyant force exerted by the liquid on the object has to equal the downward weight of the object. Mathematically

$$V_{o}ρ_{o}g=V_{l}ρ_{l}g$$

The subscript $o$ indicates the volume and density of the object and the subscript $l$ the volume and density of the liquid.

The left side of the equation is the total weight of the object. $V_o$ is the total volume of the object, not necessarily the submerged volume of the object. The right side of the equation is the upward buoyant force exerted on the object. $V_l$ is the volume of liquid displaced by the submerged volume of the object.

If the densities of the object and liquid are the same, the upward buoyant force will exactly equal the total weight of the object, i.e., the object will float completely submerged.

If the density of the object is greater than the density of the liquid, the equality does not hold because the weight of the object will be greater than the upward buoyant force and the object will sink.

If the density of the object is less than the liquid, the object will float partially submerged. The submerged volume of the object will equal the volume of the liquid displaced, or

$$V_{l}=V_{o}\frac{ρ_{o}}{ρ_{l}}$$

Hope this helps.

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