The usual "binding energy curve" that you see is (negative) binding energy per nucleon for the most stable nucleus at that mass number. The net binding energy of larger stable nuclei continues to increase, but the binding energy per nucleon goes down.
If you fuse two nuclei with mass numbers greater than 56, then the average binding energy per nucleon of the product is smaller. Since the number of nucleons is conserved, this means the net amount of binding energy of the product is smaller than the sum of the binding energies of the two reactants.
The mass of the nucleus is the mass of the nucleons minus the binding energy and thus mass enes up being created in this process.
This is not exothermic, it will not release energy. It requires energy in order to get it to happen and create that extra mass.
Another way of thinking about this is to imagine you have a bag of nucleons and you allow them to form whatever nuclei they like. The way this would happen is so that the total energy density of the material in the bag is minimised. This will happen when the (negative) binding energy per nucleon is maximised. i.e. The nucleons will tend to form nuclei at the peak of the binding energy per nucleon curve. To split these nuclei up, or to fuse them together to make heavier nuclei will cost energy.
Note though that there is a further problem that is not obvious from the binding energy curve. As nuclei get heavier, the most stable n/p ratio increases (this is because of competition between the strong force acting between adjacent nucleons vs Coulomb repulsion affecting all the protons in the nucleus. But fusion of nuclei will conserve both the number of protons and neutrons separately. This means the nucleus that is produced by fusion of two nuclei with a mass number of about 56 will not be the most stable nucleus at a mass number of 112, it will have far too low a n/p ratio and a much lower binding energy per nucleon as a result. Thus the effects discussed in the first part of my answer are exacerbated by this and make it even harder and more energetically unfavourable to fuse two heavy nuclei together.