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Note:This may look like a homework type question but this is just a doubt of mine in how much current flows from and Ideal wire. Let's take the circuit given below. Let's say current i flows in the circuit. Let's say the current divides into two parts $i_1$ and $i_2$. By symmetry we can say that same currents flows in both 5Ω resistors and in 2Ω. So in the junction of 2Ω and 5Ω in the top Resistors we can say that a current $i_2$-$i_1$ goes into the ideal wire. While if u do the same in the lower resistors a current $i_1$- $i_2$. Is flowing now as potential difference across, an ideal wire is zero we cannot take any of them to be wrong. Could someone explain this to me and exactly what happens to the current, I thought that entire current flows through an ideal wire and none throw a resistor. Can someone explain how much current an why does it flow through the ideal wire. And what entire path the current takes?enter image description hereenter image description here

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    $\begingroup$ "By symmetry we can say that same currents flows in both 5Ω resistors and in 2Ω" Can you explain what symmetry you are using? I think this is where you are getting hung up. $\endgroup$
    – Cort Ammon
    Jul 26 '20 at 4:50
  • $\begingroup$ @CortAmmon as Potential of C=D. We can consider them as a single point. That means 20ohm and 50hm are in parallel, and 5ohm and 20hm are in parallel, these two parallel combinations are in series. So the current that flows through 5ohm will also flow through the other 5ohm. I can solve the circuit, but I just wanted to understand why is that so, and what path the current takes, and what happens inside the ideal wire $\endgroup$ Jul 26 '20 at 4:59
  • $\begingroup$ Ahh, I was not looking at that wire when you described it. So by "same currents flows in both 5Ω resistors and in 2Ω[sic]" you mean that each of the 5ohm resistors has the same current and each of the 20ohm resistors has the same current (but the current through a 5ohm and a 20ohm resistor are different)? $\endgroup$
    – Cort Ammon
    Jul 26 '20 at 5:02
  • $\begingroup$ @CortAmmon Yes precisely $\endgroup$ Jul 26 '20 at 5:27
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I thought that entire current flows through an ideal wire and none throw a resistor

This is not quite accurate. It would be accurate if that ideal wire was connected directly from one side of the resistor to the other, shorting out the resistor. However, in this situation there is still a 20Ω resistor between D and B which must be accounted for.

More accurately, an ideal wire does nothing but connect components. There is never a voltage drop across an ideal wire, although current can flow through it. In this case, the amount of current flowing through it is exactly enough to balance out the current flowing through each resistor.

We can simplify this circuit to see what the behavior is. The 20Ω resistor between A and C and the 5Ω resistor between A and D are in parallel, so their combined resistance is 4Ω. The 20Ω resistor between D and B and the 5Ω resistor between C and B are also in parallel, and combine to 4Ω. These two 4Ω equivalent resistances are in series, so the resistance of the whole is 8Ω.

With this we can find current. You didn't specify a voltage, so I'll assume the voltage from A to B is 1V, because that makes the numbers simple. Feel free to scale this to whatever voltage you need. 1V across 8Ω is 125mA, so 125mA is the total current going from A to B. Now as you noticed, there's a symmetry in is problem, so we know that the C-D supernode is at 0.5V, half of the voltage across A to B.

This means your 5Ω resistors, which have 0.5V across them, have 100mA across them. The 20Ω resistors have 25mA across them. And thus, C-D must shift 75mA from D to C, so that 25mA goes through the 20Ω resistor between D and B, and 100mA goes through the 5Ω resistor between C and B.

Now we can't really talk about which current goes where in an ideal wire. Ideal wires are too ideal for that concept. The current simply goes where it is needed. However, if we think about slightly more real wires, we can get a little intuition about where the current goes. We can say that 100mA goes from A to D through the 5Ω resistor, 25mA of which continues on to the 20Ω resistor between D and B, and 75mA of which is shunted upwards towards C. That 75mA combines with the 25mA that went through the 20Ω between A and C, combining to 100mA, which is exactly what needs to go through the 5Ω resistor between C and B.

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  • $\begingroup$ This helps a lot $\endgroup$ Jul 26 '20 at 7:04
  • $\begingroup$ Ill still keep on the lookout for more answers $\endgroup$ Jul 26 '20 at 7:04

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