# Infrared light beam diffusion

I have a closed box with a hole in the wall. A IR beam is directed at the front of the box. Due to a small 6mm borehole in the wall only a certain part of the beam can pass trough.

The left small pieces are IR sensors. I'm wondering now if I need an additional tube for focusing the beam like depicted?

Application is a light barrier and therfore the beam needs to be not wide but very narrow. 2nd question is: is there a difference if the ir sensor is placed like the right one or like on the left position? Light source TSAL6100 • What is the divergence of the beam? Judging from your HUGE hole diameter, $d=6mm$, the divergence is negligible. – Semoi Jun 20 '20 at 7:01
• To be honest I don't know exactly. I attached specs of the light source. The light beam could be 2m-10m far away from the sensor. When lessen the hole diameterI it get's less sensitiv and therefore I need more light(power) I assume? – user3435167 Jun 20 '20 at 9:12

If the light source is more than $$D=2m$$ away, the hole with diameter $$d=6mm$$ samples a "small angle" of the $$4\pi$$ solid angle, and the light is in the regime where a geometric description using "rays of light" is applicable. Thus, you can estimate the diameter of the light ray at the detector by using geometric optics $$\frac{d/2}{D} = \frac{d/2+x}{D+z}$$ Compare the result to the size of your detector.