I'm searching about the experiments, which Faraday has done in order to discover the electromagnetic induction phenomenon. I didn't find what I need on google scholar nor google books. Can you recommend me a certain textbook?
When Michael Faraday made his discovery of electromagnetic induction in 1831, he hypothesized that a changing magnetic field is necessary to induce a current in a nearby circuit. To test his hypothesis he made a coil by wrapping a paper cylinder with wire. He connected the coil to a galvanometer, and then moved a magnet back and forth inside the cylinder.
When you move the magnet back and forth, notice that the galvanometer needle moves, indicating that a current is induced in the coil. Notice also that the needle immediately returns to zero when the magnet is not moving. Faraday confirmed that a moving magnetic field is necessary in order for electromagnetic induction to occur.
This is straight from a Florida State University's webpage https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/faraday2/