# Kinetic energy of a rotating and spinning rod

How to calculate kinetic energy of rod which is rotating about an external axis and spinning about its centre of mass?

1) I know how to calculate kinetic energy of a rod if it is not spinning around centre of mass but rotating around external axis

length=l

mass=m

angular speed $$\omega=\sqrt{\frac{g}{l}}$$

$$KE=KE_{translation}+KE_{rotation}$$

$$KE=\frac{1}{2}mv_{cm}^2+\frac{1}{2}I_{cm}\omega^2$$

$$v_{cm}=\frac{3l\omega}{2}, I_{cm}=\frac{ml^2}{12}$$

$$KE=\frac{7}{6}mgl$$

$$or$$

$$KE=\frac{1}{2}I\omega^2$$

I is about axis of rotation

$$I=\frac73 ml^2$$

$$KE=\frac{1}{2}(\frac73 ml^2)\frac{g}{l}$$

$$KE=\frac{7}{6}mgl$$

But now if rod is spinning around its com as well as external axis

2) A rod is spinning as shown

in this case im getting trouble

• just add the two energies Apr 25, 2020 at 14:20
• In the first case, rod is not rotating about its own COM, then it's KE should be zero about COM, but we taken KE about COM by considering angular speed w(omega).
– teja
Apr 25, 2020 at 14:53
• If the first rod is attached to the axle by a cord, then the angular velocity about the COM is the same as about the axle. May 1, 2020 at 20:01
• R.W. Bird , can you explain why angular velocities are equal if cord is attached
– teja
May 3, 2020 at 1:17
• By combined motion, (refer physics.stackexchange.com/questions/546718/…), the answer is 1/2M(3l/2∗w2)²+1/2ML2/12(w21+w22), as w net has components w1 and w2, along two mutually perpendicular axis May 17, 2020 at 2:35

1) rotational energy of the entire rod with respect to the external axis (view the entire rod as a point of mass at its center of mass): $$KE_1 = \frac 1 2 (m (\frac {3l} 2)^2)\omega_2^2$$ 2) rotational energy of the rod with respect to its center of mass: $$KE_2 = \frac 1 2 I \omega_1^2$$ where $$I$$ is the moment of inertia of the rod with respect to its center of mass.
• This answer is incorrect. By combined motion, (refer physics.stackexchange.com/questions/546718/…), the answer is $1/2M(3l/2*w_2)² + 1/2 ML^2/12 ( w_1^2+w_2^2)$, as w net has components w1 and w2, along two mutually perpendicular axis. May 17, 2020 at 2:35
• KE2 should be $\frac{1}{2} I (w_1^2+w_2^2)$. Sorry for not formating the expression in the previous comment properly May 17, 2020 at 4:23