What do we mean when we say an electromagnetic radiation/photons can be polarized in a physical sense? If it mean orienting the light along certain axes or 'poles', do these poles have any real world meaning? For example, its rather easy in a physical sense for me to understand what is meant by polarization of a rubber thread (i tried to understand it form the wiki article).
My aim from this is more to understand what is meant when we say the magnetic fields and electric fields are perpendicular to each other. Now if we look at the figure below that I took from wikipedia about electromagnetic waves, the description reads as: A linearly polarized sinusoidal electromagnetic wave, propagating in the direction z through a homogeneous, isotropic, dissipationless medium, such as vacuum. The electric field (blue arrows) oscillates in the x-direction, and the orthogonal magnetic field (red arrows) oscillates in phase with the electric field, but in the y-direction
Clearly, this figure represents polarized light. But then what is unpolarized light? Does it mean that we rotate this structure along the z-axis by 360 degrees and we'll have red and blue overlapping cylindrical objects representing electric field and magnetic fields that go outwards in the entire xy plane from the line x=0, y=0, varying only in amplitude along the z-axes?
This question seems to be a bit related to another question that is here (Electromagnetic fields vs electromagnetic radiation)
Another very related questions is for this linearly polarized radiation, if I place a negative electronic charge in its path at some place later on the z-axes line, then will the charge react by moving along the x-axes, rather than the z-axes, because the polarized radiation has the electric field along the x-axes ?