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As shown in the Fig. here, the representative 10 points sources on the wavefront of an impulsive spherical wave (a very narrow impulsive wave that is like a delta function in the radial direction), will emit 10 wavelets (in shape of sphere) propagating outward. By Huygens-Fresnel principle, the wavefront that the observer receives, should be formed by sum of these 10 spherical wavelets.

However, obviously, the observer will NOT receive an impulsive wavefront (this requires that those 10 wavelets arrive SIMULTANEOUSLY), but instead, the 10 wavelets arrive at the observer successively (NOT SIMULTANEOUSLY) in a width of duration of time (the scale of the time duration seems positively correlated to the scale of the source). This time duration can be ignored in normal lab. scale, but cannot be ignored for very huge distance such as astronomy cases.

Nevertheless, by considering the intuition and the symmetry, an impulsive spherical wave (like a delta function) will propagate outward isotropically and should keep the impulsive property, IF WITHOUT any effect of dispersion. It is weird, if a very narrow peak-like waveform of impulsive wave automatically themselves become a much flatter waveform without any medium caused dispersion?......

Thus, which consideration above should be correct please? It is interesting to think whether a spherical impulsive wave will become non-impulsive or still keep impulsive in large distance?

  • $\begingroup$ Well, I'm not sure if I understand completely the question, but I don't see any contradiction. One impulsive wave remains impulsive, ten impulsive waves remain individually ten impulsive waves. The fact that the superposition of them can be considered non-impulsive is another matter. Moreover let me stress that the concept of impulsive is not something strictly mathematical, but more related to some arbitrary choice of the time-scale and to the resolution of your apparatus. Hope this helps. $\endgroup$ Mar 9 '20 at 14:12
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you. I update the qustion. I just feel it is not intuitive: a pulse can itself automatically become flat..... $\endgroup$
    – Wein
    Mar 9 '20 at 20:49

See my paper:


"Making waves: the geometric derivation of Huygens' Principle for wave propagation, and the problem of the wake"


a spherical impulsive wave will become non-impulsive or still keep impulsive in large distance?

If every point on the surface of a sphere simultaneously emits an impulse (Dirac delta function) the resulting expanding spherical wave will not be a impulse. If it is observed as a function of time as it passes an external point it will be a rectangular pulse of width 2R/c where R is the radius of the sphere and c the speed of wave propagation.

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for your helpful information. I still feel it is weird, e.g., an infinite planar impulsive wave (delta function) will become a rectangular pulse itself during the propagation.......with no medium caused dispersion....... $\endgroup$
    – Wein
    Mar 9 '20 at 20:57
  • $\begingroup$ I think its the geometry of propagation---all the impulses arrive at different times at a given observation point thus stretching things out in time. $\endgroup$
    – user45664
    Mar 9 '20 at 21:30
  • $\begingroup$ Also, the Dirac delta 'function' is actually a distribution not a function. It needs to ultimately be used under the integral sign. This happens here when when all the wavelets are summed together via integration. $\endgroup$
    – user45664
    Mar 11 '20 at 17:15

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