Can someone explain me what is escape velocity? why cant a bird with enough energy (super bird) fly into space?
What happens when you throw a ball up? It goes up to some height where it loses all its kinetic energy and then falls back. Now if you throw it harder, it’s velocity is higher and it reaches a greater height before falling back.
Now if you throw so hard that the height after which it’ll fall back is infinity, then it will never fall back. And the initial velocity at such a situation is the escape velocity which for earth turns out to be $11.2$ km/s
The object will start falling back when the kinetic energy is zero, so if somehow you manage to maintain the kinetic energy above zero at all times, then you don’t really need to reach escape velocity at any instant.
To understand this, consider our example of throwing the ball again. Except this time there’s a person above you and a person above them and so on. So all you have to do is throw hard enough to reach the next person and they have to do the same and so on.
Any projectile launched from Earth is slowed by interaction with the atmosphere. Most of this interaction is caused by friction. If we can talk about launching without worrying about the drag caused by friction, the discussion is easier. We can use the idea of conservation of energy to discover the velocity needed to escape the Earth's gravitational pull.
If the energy of motion (kinetic energy) of a projectile just equals the pull of gravitational (potential) energy, the projectile can barely escape the Earth.
Notice that the mass of the projectile can cancel on both sides of the equation. This is why the escape velocity is independent of the mass of the projectile.
Both SuperBird and a rocket must each obtain an escape velocity of 11.2 km/s to escape the Earth(Because It doesn't depend on Object's weight at all)
But SuperBird (if you consider living) can't achieve this because of Breathing problem while achieving that velocity even if we neglect that it will be burnt to ashes because of Air Resistance.
To fly free of earth and off into space, you have to perform work against gravity as you climb upwards. This requires energy. A moving body possesses kinetic energy, and because of this you can solve for the speed that the moving body would have to possess in order to climb far enough upwards that the earth's gravity won't be able to pull you back. That speed is called the escape velocity and is equal to 11.2 km/sec.
Escape velocity is the minimum velocity required for a body to escape from the gravitational pull of the earth and move to outer space.
If your "super bird" could fly with a velocity of 11.2 km/s or its provided with a constant acceleration greater than g it would have moved to outer space.
This is the answer for what you have questioned, for the derivation search the internet as you also need to give some effort to clear your concepts.