# 1d Ising model specific heat and susceptibility

I made some plots for 1d Ising chain with finite N, and it seems like there is always a maximum of specific heat and susceptibility at certain temperature. As the N gets larger and larger, the maximum moves to T=0. We know there is no phase transition in 1d Ising model, then what the temperatures of maximum of specific heat and susceptibility correspond to? I attach some plots below for 4 spins Ising chain with periodic boundary condition.    • I am not sure what kind of answer you are expecting... Maybe something like this? Jan 17, 2020 at 19:53

• I disagree with this answer. The Schottky anomaly in the specific heat is present present in system of all sizes: it is not a finite-size effect. In fact, the $J=0$ case of the OP corresponds to independent spins, so the number of spins is completely irrelevant (apart from a trivial linear scaling of the specific heat by $N$). Jan 18, 2020 at 7:50
• @YvanVelenik I am not sure what do you mean, in the case of $J=0$ we would still have $\mu\sum h_i S_i$ term, which of course depends on spins. If we remove this term as well, everything will become zero at all temperatures. Surely Schottky anomaly can explain the behaviour of Ising model, but OP is asking why does critical temperature go to smaller value as number of spins increases. And we know that 1d ising model doesn't have phase transition. Jan 18, 2020 at 9:34
• And my comment regarding the number of spins is that, when $J=0$, everything reduces to a single spin problem (the number of spins yields only a trivial factor $N$). This shows that, in this case, the presence of the peak in the specific heat does not tend to $0$ as $N$ tends to infinity: changing the number of spins only scales the function by a factor of $N$, the position of the peak is unaffected. Jan 18, 2020 at 9:46
• @YvanVelenik I see, well you are completely right about "the presence of the peak is not a signature of phase transition" but I didn't mean that "the presence of peak is due to the finite size effect" either. I was trying to say, "as N becomes larger the peak moves toward smaller values of temperature, and it's due to the finite size effect" and of course as you pointed out correctly, this is not the case for $J=0$. So if OP is asking why there is a peak anyway, your answer is correct. If he is asking why peak moves toward smaller values (while $J>0$) then it'd because of finite size effect. Jan 18, 2020 at 14:31