We know that mass defect in the nucleus occurs because of mass being converted to energy by the mass-energy equivalence.
If that's the case then what triggered the release of energy during the formation of the nucleus? Also, why is that the amount of energy released equal to the binding energy of the nucleus? I mean how come the physicists concluded that the magnitude of energy released during the formation of the nucleus is equal to the magnitude of energy required to shred the nucleus into individual nucleons?
I hope you get my doubt!