I know electromagnetic forces (not specific on the source) can affect matter particles of various types, but can they exert effective force on any type of matter particle? For example, say they came out with a type of device that could emit and direct a strong electromagnetic force to varying degrees. Could they hypothetically use it to move objects that aren't exactly conductive?
Electromagnetic forces only act on particles with electric charge. In the standard model these are
- Charged leptons (electrons, muons, tauons)
- W bosons
and their associated antiparticles. Some combinations of quarks, like neutrons, have an overall electric charge of zero. However, because they still have a magnetic moment they can experience a force in a magnetic field.
Particles in the standard model that do not carry electric charge are:
- The photon and Z boson
- The Higgs boson
Dark matter, as far as we are aware, is also unaffected by electromagnetic fields.
Yes, this has been done for a variety of objects including small frogs: