Beam may have more than one meaning in your question. Also, you are really asking multiple questions. As for lasers, these involve manipulating the quantum nature of light and ordinary acoustics is NOT a quantum phenomenon so it is not clear what that would even mean. As for focused beams, we actually to have the technology to do this. Your mouth is an example, speakers to some degree can be manipulated to focus sound and create a beam. Underwater sonar systems employ phased array technology to create highly focused "pencil beams" of sound with a single carrier frequency.
As for the "quantum" nature of the laser there are actually two cases I can think of where acoustics is quantized. One is phonons in solid state physics. These are states of quantized crystal lattice vibration modes. The other is acoustics in super fluids (which may also be thought of as phonons I guess). In theory either could be used to generate an acoustic laser though I am not sure what that would entail.
You need to consider one thing and that is photons are a truly fundamental particle whereas acoustics is a perturbation of some bulk material. There is no such thing as fundamental acoustics, the phenomenon is a macro phenomenon in any situation. Even the "phonon" is not an elementary particle but an attempt to describe the average interaction of free photons with bulk matter in such a way that we don't have to treat every particle in every atom as a separate entity. Take away the bulk and you take away acoustics. The same is not true for light.