The following answer is in support of the answer provided by S. McGrew.
To emphasize what is and isn't necessary for interference effect let me discuss a case that occurs with plain daylight.
When you have a thin film, such as a soap bubble, or a very thin oil film on water, reflexions of the light give rise to color.
Let me take the following case that most people will know from daily life: Some gasoline has been spilled on ground with water puddles. A very thin film of the gasoline spreads out.
When the film thickness is down to the wavelength of visible light you get color effects. The incoming daylight can reflect from the top of the oil film or from the bottom. This multiple reflection gives rise to interference effect. You get selective suppression of specific colors. The color is different in every spot because the thickness of the oil film is different in every spot.
It's worthwhile to take the time to realize what is going on.
The light is daylight, so the source is the full spectrum, and the light is coming from every direction. But as we know, the interference effects in the oil film does produce colors.
I recommend that in addition you look up descriptions of the optical phenomenon called 'Newton's rings'. Newton had ground a piece of glass to give it spherical curve with a very large radius. Then he clamped the curved glass onto a perfectly flat piece of glass. The gap between the plates of glass is then so small that interference effects give rise to rings of light and dark. The innermost rings are relatively well defined. From the innermost rings to outside the rings become fuzzier and fuzzier.
Again, Newton and everybody else who replicated his observations used daylight.
I hope that with this I have established that there are setups where observable interference effects are elicited using daylight.
The following remark in the answer by S. McGrew is very important:
"You'll find that if you look at the CD under a bright but cloudy sky, or under indirect light that does not cast a shadow, the colors are not clear as in the photo you attached to the question. In fact, if the illuminating light is sufficiently diffuse, you won't see any discernable color. That is because highly diffuse illumination corresponds to a light source whose angular width is extremely large."
In the case of oil film colors and Newton's rings the type of interference effect is that it occurs very locally.
As S. McGrew points out: in the case of a diffraction grating the spacing between the lines of the grating is consistent over a significant area, and that means a setup is possible where effects from all over that consistent spacing area reinforce each other (rather than averaging out).
With that added element the two following factors make a difference.
If the source of the light is monochromatic you avoid the blurring that comes from using full spectrum light.
If the source of the light is a point source the diffracted light, when cast on a screen, will once again be points.
So: if you use a light source that is very close to monochromatic, and it is available as a point source, then that opens up a world of possibilities because then the interference effects will be sharply defined.
For example, when Dennis Gabor developed the technology for Holograms he used Mercury arc light, passed through a special optical filter to narrow down the frequency band. That light is not as monochromatic as laser light, but it is among the closest to monochromatic that was available at the time. In order to create a hologram Gabor had to obtain a point source of light. No doubt the process of confining the light to effectively create a point source was not efficient.
Still, Dennis Gabor succeeded; using Mercury arc light he created holograms.
The reason lasers are used for setups that involve interference effect is that laser light has precisely the two properties that allow interference effects to be sharply defined:
The point is: the fact that laser light is produced by stimulated emission is not relevant for the interference. It doesn't matter whether the light is from stimulated emission or not. The two factors that matter are 'monochromatic' and 'point source'.
Yet, for some inexplicable reason there are authors who state that the light from lasers produce interference effects "because the light is created by stimulated emission". Authors who state things like that are very confused indeed.