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Firstly, Blackbody radiation and line spectra are both a phenomenon of energy emitted(EM), but why is the blackbody radiation spectrum continuous while line spectra is not continuous?

Secondly, Suppose if we want find line spectra of a substance by heating it, it should show spectrum of black body radiation i.e continuous spectrum but how can we be sure that we get actual line spectra?

Thirdly, are blackbody radiation and line spectra are caused by same thing?

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  • $\begingroup$ To get the black body like spectrum you need a body, first. Individual atoms give line spectra. You can observe the two superimposed, of course depending on what is happening in and around the source. If you heat a metal wire you get a kind of bb spectrum. If something of it or on it vaporises get excited and emits you will see its line (flame test). It seems too broad of a question in the sense that no one can guess your bases. $\endgroup$ – Alchimista Oct 16 '19 at 9:56
  • $\begingroup$ Whilst the three questions you've mentioned are related, this question might benefit from being broken up into separate questions $\endgroup$ – Alex Robinson Oct 16 '19 at 10:33
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One has to keep in mind that the black body radiation curve comes out with the specific assumptions seen here.. In these assumptions the specific atomic content of the matter involved does not enter. It was just assumed that matter in bulk will behave this way and the hypothesis was approximately validated, because no radiation spectrum has even a hint of ultraviolet catastropy, but all data approximately follow the black body formula for radiation.

Here is the radiations from the sun, to get an idea of approximately:

enter image description here

The yellow histogram is the observed, the black line of black body radiation more or less fits it. Here is the ideal black body spectrum for the sun temperature.

The best black body fit is given by the cosmic microwave radiation, where the contribution of atomic and molecular spectra is non existent ( it it the decoupled photons from 280.000 years after the big bang).

cmb

Once atomic and molecular spectra become important radiation components(i.e emitted with high probability), then it is a bad fit story:

The answer here may help.

flame

The point to keep in mind is that black body radiation fits data with spectral lines too, approximately.

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