I'm asking for a list of experiments, machinery, technology and techniques. The only measuring device I really know of is the Stern-Gerlach contraption. Google hasn't been helpful (it only gives me buzzwordy articles).
I'm an undergrad and all my work in QM mostly neglects what we actually do in labs, and what information is actually available to us, rather than part of the theoretical framework.
What measuring devices do physicists have available to them? Can we measure individual particles' positions? How about their velocities (obviously in different experiments)? What about multiple particles at the same time? Are experiments mostly about macro-scale statistical mechanics, or do we actually look at distinct particles? I know a lot of experiments measure energy, but not much about how, or why that's particularly valuable. What other features of systems can we measure?
I'm particularly interested in methods of wavefunction "collapse" rather than necessarily readable results (don't care much about the collapsed eigenvalue, although all the better if such information is provided). I'm thinking about the design of quantum systems and I'd like references and existing technology to work with.