# How to draw electric fields correctly?

Draw a negatively charged plate A and a positively charged plate B with an equal charge. Draw the field. (the image is the given answer)

I however do not understand why this is. Is there any reason why the arrows between the plates are not placed on the same 'height' but on 2 different heights? Also, the field lines above B and below A are going into 2 directions (which is linked with my previous question), which to me seems weird. What my idea of a correct answer would be: Between the plates all the fields have arrows (on the same height) pointing to A, above plate B all the arrows point upward and below field A all arrows point downwards (however, not sure about the last statement since the field not between the plates is 0 I'd say). I have just learned about fields and field lines, and I still find them hard to grasp, so pardon me for this elementary question. Also, is it a coincidence that the field lines seem to go through the $+$'es perfectly but are not aligned perfectly with the $-$'es?

side note: Before this question you are asked to only draw a field A, it is only after you've answered that they ask you to draw B in the same picture too. This might have to do with the way it is drawn in this picture.

• The diagram is confusing. It is drawing two sets of field lines: one set due to plate A (as if plate B didn't exist) and another due to plate B (as if plate A didn't exist). It is not showing the total field. This doesn't represent the total field if both plates are present! Jan 8, 2013 at 15:10
• @MichaelBrown How would the total field deviate from this one? Is my guess correct? Or wouldn't you have to draw field lines above B and below A (since those compensate eachother)? Jan 8, 2013 at 15:11
• The electric field is a vector field $\vec{E}$: it has a magnitude and direction. If a charge distribution $A$ produces a field $\vec{E}_A$ and charge $B$ produces $\vec{E}_B$ the total field is the vector sum $\vec{E}=\vec{E}_A + \vec{E}_B$. In this particular example the fields reinforce between the plates (same direction) and cancel outside of the plates (opposite direction). Jan 8, 2013 at 15:17
• @MichaelBrown You should gather those comments into an answer, since there is not much more to say. Otherwise I'd answer and maybe surpass you in rep earned this year to date ;)
– user10851
Jan 8, 2013 at 15:30
• @ChrisWhite Bah, you're already well ahead of me in total and you're sure to widen the gap when my holidays are over. :) Jan 8, 2013 at 15:49

The electric field is a vector field $\vec{E}$: it has a magnitude and direction. If a charge distribution A produces a field $\vec{E}_A$ and charge B produces $\vec{E}_B$ the total field is the vector sum $\vec{E}=\vec{E}_A+\vec{E}_B$. In this particular example the fields reinforce between the plates (same direction) and cancel outside of the plates (opposite direction).