# Computation of the self-energy term of the exact propagator for $\varphi^3$ theory in Srednicki

In M. Srednicki "Quantum field theory", Section 14 -Loop corrections to the propagator-, the exact propagator $$\mathbf {\tilde \Delta} (k^2)$$ is stated as

$$\frac{1}{i} \mathbf {\tilde \Delta} (k^2) = \frac{1}{i} \tilde \Delta (k^2) + \frac{1}{i} \tilde \Delta (k^2) [i \Pi (k^2)] \frac{1}{i} \tilde \Delta (k^2) + O(g^4)\tag{14.2}$$
where:
$$\tilde \Delta (k^2) = \frac{1}{k^2 + m^2 - i \epsilon}$$ free-field propagator
$$i \Pi (k^2) = \frac{1}{2} (i g)^2 (\frac{1}{i})^2 \int \frac{d^d l}{(2 \pi)^d} \tilde \Delta ((l + k)^2) \tilde \Delta (l^2) - i (A k^2 + B m^2) + O(g^4)$$ self-energy

Many pages are then dedicated to the laborious calculation of the self-energy term. I could understand all of the many passages, however almost at the end of the demonstration to compute the expression

$$\Pi (k^2) = \frac{1}{2} \alpha \int_0 ^1 dx D ln (D / D_0) - \frac{1}{12} \alpha (k^2 + m^2) + O(\alpha^2)\tag{14.43}$$

where:

$$D = x (1 - x) k^2 + m^2$$
$$D_0 = D \vert_{k^2 = -m^2}$$

the integral over $$x$$ is solved in closed form as

$$\Pi (k^2) = \frac{1}{12} \alpha [c_1 k^2 + c_2 m^2 + 2 k^2 f(r)] + O(\alpha^2)\tag{14.44}$$

where:

$$c_1 = 3 - \pi \sqrt{3}$$
$$c_2 = 3 - 2 \pi \sqrt{3}$$
$$f(r) = r^3 tanh^{-1}(1/r)$$
$$r = (1 + 4 m^2 / k^2)^{1/2}$$

My question is: How to move from Eq. (14.43) to Eq. (14.44)? Any hint, or any link where I can find it?

• Have you tried factorizing $D= k^2(x-\alpha)(x-\beta)$? That's how I would start the task. The $\alpha$ abd $\beta$ parameters involve the quantity $r$ so that is a hint that the strategy would be useful. – mike stone Jun 13 at 13:12
• @mike stone. Following your hint I performed the calculation of Eq. (14.43), straightforward even if somewhat laborious. The outcome confirms the structure of Eq. (14.44), however the coefficients $c_1$ and $c_2$ do not match. My computation yields $c_1 = -9 + \pi \sqrt{3}$, $c_2 = -9$. If anyone reading this post provides a reference other than Srednicki's, welcome. – Michele Grosso Jun 16 at 15:29