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I'm trying to build a setup for the 3$\omega$ technique, and the equipment is making my brain hurt. When I send a signal directly from the function generator to the lock-in, it only measures about 71% of the input enter image description here However, the lock-in accurately reads the voltage from its own sine-out, and the amplitude of the output from the function generator was checked on an oscilloscope. I am baffled as to what is happening here.

It also reads 0 voltage on the third harmonic, which I'm not sure is supposed to happen either. If anyone has done 3$\omega$ experiments before and could advise me on how to get this set up correctly it would be much appreciated.

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  • $\begingroup$ Can you upload the oscilloscope measurement? $\endgroup$ – eranreches Jun 3 at 0:52
  • $\begingroup$ What quadrature are you measuring? How did you set the phase? Does the $3\omega$ signal show up in a spectrum analyzer (or a Fourier transform of your oscilloscope data)? $\endgroup$ – Gilbert Jun 3 at 2:00
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    $\begingroup$ $0.71\approx 1/\sqrt{2}$. I think this is significant. Could one of your machines be working with root-mean-square values, and another with full amplitude? $\endgroup$ – Cryo Jun 3 at 2:27
  • $\begingroup$ @Cryo, good observation! I'm almost certain that this is it! (I can't upvote comments yet, but I can accept it if you post as an answer). Gilbert and Eranreches, I have no way of connecting the lab oscilloscope to a computer yet, but I'll work on it. $\endgroup$ – Wyatt Kuehster Jun 3 at 17:42
  • $\begingroup$ Glad if it helps. Knowledge seared into memory by painful experience :-) $\endgroup$ – Cryo Jun 3 at 21:35

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