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The Galileo’s law of odd numbers states that the distances traveled are proportional to the squares of the elapsed times. In other words, in equal successive periods of time, the distances traveled by a free-falling body are proportional to the succession of odd numbers($1, 3, 5, 7,$ etc.).

I clearly understand from kinematics equation that the distances traversed in a time interval are $-\frac{1}{2} gt^2$ so it will be proportional to squares of elapsed times. But what I don't get is how is it proportional to the succession of odd numbers?

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    $\begingroup$ What do you get when you sum the series of odd numbers? $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring May 27 at 23:00
  • $\begingroup$ @PM2Ring we get $n^2$. But we are not adding anything here right? I still don't get it. Could you please elaborate... $\endgroup$ – rash May 27 at 23:04
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    $\begingroup$ In the 1st second, the body falls 1 unit, in the next second it falls another 3 units, in the 3rd second it falls another 5 units, etc. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring May 27 at 23:08
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This is because $(n+1)^2-n^2=2n+1$, which is odd. Hence, as in the 1st second, $d_1=-\frac{g} {2} $, in the 2nd second, $d_2=-\frac{4g} {2} $, and so on, we get $\frac{d_2 - d_1}{d_1}=\frac{4-1}{1}=3=2.1+1$

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