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Now we have very established model of quarks explaining fundamental strong interaction. What are experimental proofs for existence of quarks and what is the name of physicist which made them?

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  • $\begingroup$ Maybe, something more direct? Interpreting of scattering depends on the model... $\endgroup$ – coodan May 22 '19 at 21:25
  • $\begingroup$ Fair point, but remember that observation of isolated quarks is impossible, due to color confinement. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring May 22 '19 at 21:28
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    $\begingroup$ No other models explain the scattering results as simply and as well as the quark model does. $\endgroup$ – G. Smith May 22 '19 at 21:29
  • $\begingroup$ No. Just trying to check the basis of quark model. The early basis is statement that neutron is the same type of particles as proton. The current basis direct experimenal proofs for quarks. But asking about neutron is really better in the history branch, thanks ) $\endgroup$ – coodan May 22 '19 at 21:33
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See here, here, and here for discussions of this question. Also, the wikipedia article on Deep inelastic scattering.

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  • $\begingroup$ Probably, some direct proofs do exist? $\endgroup$ – coodan May 22 '19 at 21:22
  • $\begingroup$ @coodan - what do you mean by 'direct proof'? Are the experiments not sufficient? $\endgroup$ – Jon Custer May 22 '19 at 21:24
  • $\begingroup$ if by direct evidence you mean, "has anybody ever seen an isolated quark" the answer is no. from what I understand, most physicists believe this can never be achieved, due to what is called color confinement. the basic idea runs as follows: quarks are bound to one another by what is known as a strong force, and at a certain point during the separation of two charges bound by this force it becomes energetically favorable to form a new quark/anti-quark pair (a process known as hadronization) $\endgroup$ – Nitesh Menon May 22 '19 at 21:54
  • $\begingroup$ Yes. That is a matter of belief :) $\endgroup$ – coodan May 22 '19 at 22:11
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    $\begingroup$ I would like to say thanks to PM 2ring for redirection to Science Hystory branch in previous question and to Qmechanic for redirection to same question here, as it was special pleasure to find and to read answers of anna v, as her style and understanding of Physics cause my deepest respect. $\endgroup$ – coodan May 22 '19 at 22:16

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