I think you are technically correct, that it will deflect from it's original position, but it seems like it is not for the reasons you are describing.
The Coriolis effect for example will cause some drift for the helicopter that would not be prevented by normal force. This means that ultimately, there would be some drift. I don't think that is the effect you are thinking of, or the other person is discussing though.
Let's assume we are close to the surface of the Earth, and as you said, we are ignoring the wind, and only considering the air that is moving along with the surface of the Earth. As a consequence of viscosity and the no-slip condition, the air touching the surface of the Earth is being dragged by the Earth, and will have no slippage between the air and the Earth. This no slippage forms what is known as a boundary layer, and on the rotating curved surface of Earth, this causes a wind gradient where in the higher you are, the greater the angular velocity; which is necessary to prevent the layers below from "slipping" on one another. This is equivalent to saying the air above a point on the surface approximately will stay above that point on the surface, ignoring the inertial effects such as the Coriolis effect.
If you are trying to argue that the angular speed of the wind due to height will be less, and this will cause the helicopter to fall behind, that would be incorrect. If you are saying the Coriolis effect is causing the helicopter to change relative position with the surface, that would be correct, and is something that the other side does not seem to be considering.
To address the edit a bit more directly: The Coriolis effect would be pushing the helicopter towards the equator, although not with much force.
As far as angular momentum goes, you asked about a helicopter that is hovering above the ground. If the helicopter were lifting off from the ground, it would likely require a slight adjustment to stay above the same location; but this would only be as you are changing height. The airflow would also assist with this increase in angular momentum, because the angular velocity of the air is increasing with height as well (see the boundary condition and no-slip condition as explained above). Once you're floating in the air hovering above the surface, maintaining that does not require any more force, because the air around you is also travelling across the surface at the same speed the Earth is rotating.