One spot on earth receives a constant stream of stellar radiation: this is the North Pole where the Pole star radiation flows constantly. Given that a point source of light is considered to emit a spatially coherent wavefront, what dimensions can we assign to the Polestar wave front as it falls on the North Pole, and at what frequencies? Issues to consider: given the curvature of the earth, as one moves away from the N pole while walking on the surface of the earth (snow, ice, water, etc), the distance from the Polestar will increase relative to the distance to the Polestar at the North Pole proper. Thus, we can expect that movement away from the N Pole will insert an out-of-phase relationship of radiation when measured simultaneously at the N Pole and at that new distance from the N Pole. At what radius distance would the phase relationship be considered "non-coherent" spatially? Also, given penetration of water by certain wavelengths, what is the additional considerations of maintenance of spatial coherence. E.g., to what degree do gamma rays maintain spatial coherence down to, say 500 feet, at a larger radius than, say blue light? What is the relationship between the radius of spatial coherence to electromagnetic wavelength at the N Pole regarding radiation from the Pole Star?
Thanks for the clarifying Q of the first responder. Yes, coherence refers to maintenance of the same phase relationship across the wave plane. Moving perpendicular to the plane even a few millimeters is equivalent to moving away from the North Pole, and thus introducing the issue of temporal coherence. So...how many feet, meters, miles does one move away from the N. Pole to introduce enough of that perpendicular movement such that temporal coherence reduces then ends? I expect that different wavelengths will have difference outcomes regarding this question. Is there a graph of "decoherence" one could produce such at at increasing wavelengths, one could move further away from the N Pole (Ie. move further away from the wavefront in that perpendicular direction) while still maintaining some semblance of phase consistency between point A (N pole) and B (some point away from the N pole)? Thanks for invitation to clarify.