I am studying the following paper:

Appelquist, Carazzone, Goldman & Quinn, Renormalization and Gauge Independence in Spontaneously Broken Gauge Theories, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.8.1747

I am having trouble following its appendix calculations. More specifically following the feynman rules given below, I cannot include the external momenta factors that are presented in the paper's results. As a consequence I cannot show the $\xi$ gauge independence of the process.

The rules are:

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The process is:

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The appendix calculation:

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My questions are the following:

  1. How are the external momenta included (especially in A7 or A5), e.g $q^2_1 + q^2_2 + q^2_3 - 6 h \lambda^2$?

  2. What is the general approach to this problem independent of the methodology used in the paper, should I just use brute force calculation and hope for the best, or is there any other way?

P.S The pencile drawed circles is what I am able to calculate using those rules. Be careful with the notation, the paper origins back to 1973.


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