The sun is a star, meaning it's a ball of gas undergoing nuclear fusion in its core. The sun, like any other star, experiences line-driven stellar winds due to the transport of ions from its interior which, as I understand it, are amplified by the magnetic field of the sun (since the magnetic fields provide a longer lever arm to carry away the ions that compose winds).
Does the sun have an overall nonzero net electric charge?
In such a dynamic system, I would expect that the sun would have a nonzero net electric charge since the winds are carrying away charged particles so there is a net out-going of charge.
If the sun does have a net charge, are there processes that work to return its net charge to zero?
Or am I simply wrong in thinking that the particles that compose the wind are charged themselves? Are they themselves neutral particles (afterall, they are atoms)? If so, are there other reasons why the sun would have a net charge?
I've read this post, but found the only answer unsatisfying since it relies on the idea that electrons are "easier" to transport via stellar winds than protons, but we're talking about heavy nuclei (i.e. carbon, nitrogen, oxygen) that have more momentum than electrons for a given wind velocity.