Suppose that liquid is flowing through a tube with a constant velocity of, say 10 m/s. Within the liquid, there is a constant concentration of some substance, [S], lets say of 20 uM. Then, at some point, the tube splits into two branches. The original tube and the two branches are completely identical in size and volume and other properties.
My two questions are:
What happens to the flow velocity?
A similar question was asked here: Flow of liquid among branches and I think I can conclude the same for my question: the flow velocity is identical in the original tube and its two branches?
What happens to the concentration of substance? Will it be identical or will it split?
My gut feeling says it will split, as if there was only 1 particle it can go in just 1 of the tubes, so there will be 1/2 particle in each. However, as it is connected to the flow velocity it might be more complex than this.
I am particularly interested in two cases:
Case I: the tube is a rigid tube
Case II: the tube is a small blood capillary, hence very small and with non-rigid walls. here, flow is non-newtonian.
While writing this I came up with two final questions:
IF anything changes, will it be something simple like a correction factor of 1/2 (because the tube splits in 2) or is it rather a complex mix of the effects of altered velocity and altered concentration?